Vitamin E improves liver function in HIV Those living with human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are more likely than healthy people to have severe liver disease, known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and there is no treatment. Earlier studies found vitamin E improved fatty liver in the general population. In this study, 27 people with HIV and NASH took 800 IU of vitamin E per day while continuing antiretroviral treatment. After 24 weeks, a sign of liver function, ala
Diabetes types 1 and 2 Type 1 diabetes usually appears early in life when the pancreas cannot produce insulin, and is not preventable. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs later in life, most often due to lifestyle factors that impair the ability of the body to use its insulin effectively. Both affect kidney waste-filtering function. Omega-3s improve kidney function in type 2 diabetes This review of 10 placebo-controlled clinical studies covering 344 participants with both types of
Cocoa flavonols reduced PAD Peripheral arteries—those serving the arms, legs and torso—can narrow due to plaque, a condition called peripheral artery disease (PAD). In this study, 44 adults with PAD added a packet of flavonol-rich, unsweetened cocoa powder or a placebo powder to milk or water, three times per day. After six months, those taking cocoa flavonols were able to walk 13 feet more than the placebo group in a six-minute walking test, while the placebo group walked 7.
Good for more than joints and sports performance Sports doctors have long used MSM, or methylsulfonylmethane, to boost athletic performance. In this two-phase study, MSM improved skin hydration and appearance. In the first pilot-study phase, 20 participants took a placebo or 3 grams of MSM per day. Over 16 weeks, participants taking MSM self-reported significant reductions in facial wrinkles and skin roughness compared to placebo. In the second phase, participants took either
In this study, 58 healthy adults aged 18 to 70, who complained of sleep problems, took a placebo or 14 mg of saffron extract twice per day. None were being treated for depression, nor were any taking medication except for contraceptives during the prior four weeks. After one week and continuing throughout the 28-day study period, while the placebo group did not report any improvements, those taking saffron reported 25 percent fewer insomnia symptoms including difficulty falli
Low vitamin D increases back pain in postmenopause Bone density declines with age, a trend that accelerates after menopause. In this study, doctors measured vitamin D levels in 232 postmenopausal women, average age 65, with low back pain and lumbar spine degenerative disease. The average level of vitamin D was below the optimal range of 20 to 60 nanograms per milliliter of blood (ng/mL) or 50 to 150 nanomoles per liter (nmol/L). Women who were severely deficient in vitamin D,
Nutrients improve cognition in Parkinson's Disease, and in postmenopause Pycnogenol reduced symptoms in Parkinson’s Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects nerve cells in the brain that control movement, memory, and thinking. Normally, these cells produce dopamine, a chemical messenger that sends movement signals to the body. PD impairs these cells, reducing dopamine. In this study, 43 people with mild, slow-progressing PD for at least one year continued to take the standard PD trea