More regularity, less pain People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) experience chronic large-intestine abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, excess gas, and diarrhea or constipation. In this study, 330 adults with IBS, aged 18 to 70, took a placebo, lactobacillus acidophilus, or bifidobacterium animalis lactis, with each probiotic dose at 10 billion colony-forming units per day. After six weeks, overall IBS symptom scores improved for both probiotics groups compared to placeb
Magnesium increased survival in postmenopause Women in postmenopause are more susceptible than other male and female adults to heart and circulatory diseases, including sudden cardiac death. Magnesium is important for healthy heart function, and nearly half the U.S. population does not meet the dietary reference intake recommendation.
In this study, doctors measured magnesium in the diets of 153,369 women and followed up for an average of 10.5 years. Overall, women who
Vitamin K low in COVID-19 patients Vitamin K plays a role in regulating the blood clotting function, which can become impaired in severe cases of Covid-19. For this reason, doctors in this study theorized vitamin K levels might be low in patients with severe Covid-19. To determine vitamin K status, doctors measured a type of protein, dp-uc matrix Gla, which increases when vitamin K levels are low. Levels of matrix Gla protein were significantly higher in 122 people with Covid
Selenium increases blood flow There is a thin, single layer of cells that lines the blood vessels, called the endothelium, which allows fluids and cellular material to pass from the bloodstream to the tissues. The endothelium also controls the ability of blood vessels to expand and contract, and is very sensitive to oxidative stress. Age, weight, lipids, high blood pressure and other factors can impair endothelial function. In this study, doctors measured endothelial function
Fenugreek boosts muscle mass, strength Fenugreek has over 100 phytochemicals that provide a range of health benefits. This sports study included 138 non-smoking men, aged 25 to 47, some healthy weight, some overweight. The men took a placebo, 300 mg, or 600 mg of fenugreek extract per day, while participating in a whole-body calisthenic program three times per week. After eight weeks, all three groups had improved maximal leg-press weight, with both fenugreek groups improving
Doctors now believe it is important to protect the skin from long-wave UV-A and medium-wave UV-B radiation with more than sunscreen. In this study, 60 people with fair to olive skin, who burned more or less easily, took a placebo or the carotenoids 4.25 mg beta-carotene, 1.1 mg alpha-carotene, 1.12 mg lutein, and 0.053 mg zeaxanthin, three times per day. After eight weeks, and continuing through 12 weeks, those taking the mixed carotenoids saw significant protection from UV-A
Fish oil improves survival rates Fish oil is rich in the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids EPA and DHA, which doctors have long recommended for preventing heart and circulatory disease, but clinical studies have had conflicting findings. The small size of some placebo trials, and the fact that they require ideal, controlled conditions, make it difficult to generalize the results to large, inclusive populations.
In order to get a more complete picture of the heart and